Wednesday, November 20, 2013
Silver nanoparticles . Dewetting . Plasmonic interface . Plasmonic resonance . Light trapping . Solar cells
Single and double plasmonic interfaces consisting of silver nanoparticles embedded in media with different dielectric constants including SiO 2 , SiN x , and Al:ZnO have been fabricated by a self-assembled dewetting technique and integrated to amorphous silicon films. Single plasmonic inter- faces exhibit plasmonic resonances whose frequency is red- shifted with increasing particle size and with the thickness of a dielectric spacer layer. Double plasmonic interfaces consisting of two different particle sizes exhibit resonances consisting of double minima in the transmittance spectra. The optical ex- tinction of a-Si:H deposited on these interfaces is broadened into the red indicating higher absorption and/or scattering at wavelengths higher than those typically absorbed by a-Si:H without plasmonic interfaces. While the photocurrent shows an overall decrease for the samples with the interfaces, signif- icant enhancement of photocurrent is observed near the low- energy edge of the bandgap (600 – 700 nm). These results correlate well with the broadened extinction spectra of the interfaces and are interpreted in terms of enhanced absorption in that region.