Abstraction of eGovernment

Authors: 
Abdelbaset Rabaiah & Eddy Vandijck
Conference: 
IADIS International Conference E-Commerce
Proceeding Volume: 
4
Location: 
Barcelona, Spain
Date: 
Saturday, December 9, 2006
Abstract: 
The researcher has spotted numerous research efforts concentrating on the idea of technology platform integration and standardization (e.g. [1, 4, 9, 11, 13, 6, 17, 18, 19, and 20]). In the researcher’s view this is most rewarding for governments that do not yet have an IT infrastructure and plan to establish one. Most governments, however, have already disparate systems in place. Each of these systems is usually built to serve a particular department that has predefined requirement. In most cases, there is a lack of vision of integration as decisions upon technologies are taken by the Local Governments—LGs. In firms, though, the decision is mostly central and any new system or platform with typical size is normally planned to be interoperable. In democracies, LGs have autonomous status. Resistance to change can be more evident than in businesses. There is also a tendency to keep information private. This hinders much of the integration efforts. Also the cost for integration and rebuilding the IT infrastructure with the new standards can be awfully far above the ground. That said; it could be better and cheaper to adopt a different approach. “Encapsulation” of eGovernment can face far less resistance and demand much fewer costs. This idea has a lot in common with Object-Oriented methodologies that are already applied in some businesses. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a model that materializes this idea of encapsulation. It would only touch on the technical aspects of the model, but at large the model will be conceptual.